Cyclospora

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Cyclospora Infections: Are You at Risk?

25 July 2013 | 10:58 pm FAQ about this tiny parasite that can taint fresh produce. http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/food-poisoning/news/20130725/cyclospora-parasite-can-taint-fresh-produce?src=RSS_PUBLIC

No Cyclospora cases reported in Lubbock

25 July 2013 | 6:30 pm 75 Cyclospora cases reported statewide, none in Lubbock, surrounding areas http://lubbockonline.com/local-news/2013-07-25/no-cyclospora-cases-reported-lubbock

What We Know (and Dont Know) About the Latest Stomach Bug Outbreak

25 July 2013 | 5:30 pm Officials still dont know how more than 200 people in the U.S. fell beginning in mid June, but they know why most were infected with the cyclospora parasite. http://news.yahoo.com/know-don-t-know-latest-stomach-bug-outbreak-173012580.html

286 Cases of <b>Cyclospora</b> in 11 states, 18 hospitalized | US Food <b>…</b>

25 July 2013 | 11:55 pm The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in association with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), is investigating an outbreak of 286 cases of cyclosporiasis infection in 11 states. At least 18 persons  http://blog.usfoodsafety.com/2013/07/25/fda-cdc-investigating-outbreak-of-cyclosporiasis-in-11-states/

Cases in <b>Cyclospora</b> Outbreak Rise to 285 | Food Safety News

25 July 2013 | 11:12 pm At least 285 people are now ill in the Cyclospora outbreak predominantly affecting the Midwest, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The case count by state is now as follows: Connecticut (1  http://www.foodsafetynews.com/2013/07/cases-in-cyclospora-outbreak-rise-to-285/

US: <b>Cyclospora</b> linked to produce sickens 285 people in 11 states

25 July 2013 | 6:31 pm Via Reuters: Stomach virus linked to produce sickens 285 people in 11 U.S. states. Excerpt:At least 285 people in 11 states have been sickened by a parasitic infection commonly linked to fresh produce, and the exact cause of the outbreak… http://crofsblogs.typepad.com/h5n1/2013/07/us-cyclospora-linked-to-produce-sickens-285-people-in-11-states.html

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12 Responses to Cyclospora

  • SavvySue says:

    What Is The Only Antibiotic Effective On The New Cyclospora? That has found its way into the US on produce? It was a story on the ABC news tonight. They didn’t mention the specific antibiotic and as a nurse I thought it would be good to know.

  • Lily says:

    Could I Have Cyclospora? Hey guys I know I asked another question that I thought I had Neuroblastoma, but I don’t think so a lot anymore because I don’t have a fever and usually the start of Neuroblastoma is like a sky-rocketing high fever from what I learned from Talia Castellano, the inspiring Makeup artist who died last week of Neuroblastoma/Pre-Leukemia who had been fighting for six years.

    Anyway, I heard that there was a huge outbreak of this illness called cyclospora, and I think that might be what’s going on because it has a huge link to diarrhea and all the muscle pains and all that crap I’ve been having…….. it’s been identified in 8 states and I might very well be the first for Tennesseee……..

    Symptoms:

    – Diarrhea that hurts and burns EVERYTIME I “do my business”

    – Pains all over my body mostly in my legs, stomach, and back

    – Tired

    – Weak

    – Loss of appetite (don’t feel hungry or cravings as much as I did a few weeks ago)

    I generally just don’t feel good in general and most of my pain is in my legs and all in my stomach from right below my breasts. Only symptoms I’m not having is vomiting, though sometimes my throat tingles and it burns not in a sore way but almost like in a acidity/nauseating way. I have a naggy cough sometimes too even though I don’t have a cold or the flu or anything like that…… I got REALLY hot last night in bed and had to throw my top cover off and I about kicked my sister in the back (we were having a girls’ night almost like two best friends at a sleepover but instead with sister’s we just decided to sleep in the same room) and laid there in pain for like almost an hour…. should I ask my Mom to take me to the hospital tomorrow and see if I have cyclospora?
    The diarrhea is very watery and it won’t go away… every now and then I have a normal moment but it’s usually only once a day or once every other day… it’s been happening for about two weeks now and my Mom gave me a laxative, but that didn’t get rid of it… we currently don’t have a doctor right now because of our old doctor being an *** but cyclospora is usually diagnosed in a hospital from my understanding

  • Jack says:

    Which Would Have A Greater Chance At Creating An Endemic In The US: Vibrio Cholera Or ETEC? Having a little trouble with a case study I was assigned. Patient one I have diagnosed with ETEC, and patient 2 is in India, presents with symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, and fatigue. Patient 2 had just arrived after a flood subsided, and arrived at a local clinic where he was put on an intense antibiotic regimen. My diagnosis would have to be vibrio cholera.

    My main question is, which of the two bacteria present a greater risk at causing a local outbreak in the US if the two patients had returned to the US fully symptomatic?

    Also, wouldn’t placing patient 2 on a heavy antibiotic regimen worsen his condition?

    • Curator says:

      Neither disease have a very high chance of causing an outbreak in a country like America. ETEC and cholera are spread via fecal contamination usually through water supplies but sometimes orally. If both patients are in US clinics then they should have strict enough cleanliness that no outbreak will occur. If water and food were to be equally contaminated though, I couldn’t honestly say which would spread faster. Cholera would be the worse out of the two because it requires hospitalisation. ETEC or travellers diarrhea is often endured in the home.

      Putting patient 2 on antibiotics should not worsen his condition. In fact antibiotic treatments for one to three days shorten the course of the disease and reduce the severity of the symptoms. Using antibiotics also reduces the amount of fluid required for rehydration. Doxycycline is the first antibiotic to be used, although some strains of V. cholerae have shown resistance. Other antibiotics proven to be effective include cotrimoxazole, erythromycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, and furazolidone.

      Are you sure that you’ve got the diagnosis right though? Surely if it were cholera they would mention the ‘rice water’ diarrhea, or the sunken eyes and wrinkled skin due to dehydration. I would diagnose patient two with Cyclospora or Cryptosporidiosis. Cyclospora causes diarrhea, stomach cramps, weight loss, bloating, fatigue, and nausea. Cryptosporidiosis has symptoms that are very similar to the common flu. It can be accompanied by diarrhea, loss of appetite and sudden weight loss, and nausea. Both are really common in flood affected areas as they are spread by fecal contamination of flood waters. Cyclospora requires treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole- a potent antibiotic. With cryptosporidosis antibiotics are not usually helpful, and are primarily reserved for persons with severe disease and a weak immune system. So I would diagnose patient 2 with a Cyclospora infection. Cholera is still possible though, it would be difficult to distinguish between the two with the little information given. I hope you do well in your case study. If you want to discuss (or debate) it more, you can e-mail me at leshara@hotmail.com 🙂

    • Curator says:

      Urophagia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urophagia ~From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

      Urophagia is the consumption of urine. There are various reasons that humans may consume urine. Urine was used in several ancient cultures for various health, healing, and cosmetic purposes, practices which are still used by some people of these cultures today. In Western culture, these practices are known as urine therapy, a form of alternative medicine.

      Other reasons for urophagia include attempting survival, if no other potable fluid is available, though numerous sources advise against it. Also, some people consume urine as a sexual activity, and members of at least one culture consume urine for ceremonial purposes

      Health considerations
      Consuming one’s own urine (or the urine of a healthy person, if participating in urolagnia involving urophagia) is relatively low in risk. Bacterial infection of the urinating person’s urethra, or disease in the person urinating may pose a risk. Elements of medications and dietary supplements can be excreted in urine, which can affect the person consuming the urine. Also, if urine comes into contact with the skin, it can cause a rash in sensitive individuals.

      Salt content and dehydration
      The main dangers are the high salt and mineral content. The high salt content usually does not pose a problem if the urine is sufficiently diluted, and not consumed in mass quantities. The effect of the high salt may be mitigated by drinking some water after consuming urine. The urine may be diluted if the person drinks some water an hour or so before producing the urine that will be consumed.

      Urine should not be drunk when one is dehydrated. The kidneys, which filter the urine, concentrate salts into the urine. Drinking the urine will only make one reingest the salts that have already been excreted by the kidneys. For the first fifteen minutes after ingestion of any fluid, the thirst seems to be quenched, but in the case of urine and other salty liquid, after the body has absorbed the fluid, the thirst returns, stronger, due to the salt.

      Attempting survival
      Numerous survival instructors and guides,[2][3][4][5][6][7] including the US Army Field Manual,[8] advise against drinking urine for survival. These guides explain that drinking urine tends to worsen, rather than relieve dehydration due to the salts in it, and that urine should not be consumed in a survival situation, even when there is no other fluid available.

      Aron Ralston used the technique when trapped for several days with his arm under a boulder,[9] and Bear Grylls of the Discovery Channel’s Man vs. Wild drank his own urine while he was in the Outback of Australia.[10] Les Stroud on Survivorman advised against drinking urine, instead producing fresh water from urine using a solar still.[11]

      ME!

      Salt in water is 0.2 micron in size, and some emergency filters can be used for a few gallons with no problem to filter urine… any good outdoor survival place would have them but only the reverse osmosis filters small enough.

      http://www.aquasafestraw.com/products/technical/how-does-it-work/reverse-osmosis
      The unique technology of AquaSafeCorp products traps contaminants, as in AquaSafeStraw in a 0.2 micron microfiltration membrane. The membrane is reusable up to 500 liters (132 gallons) which may last you several months before needing to be replaced. AquaSafeStraw + and AquaSafeBottle+ in a 0.0.1 micron microfiltration membrane. The AquaSafeStraw + and AquaSafeBottle+ membrane is reusable up to 1,000 liters (264 gallons) which may last you several months before needing to be replaced.The membrane is not damaged by chlorine, though salt and brackish water should be avoided.

      AquaSafeCorp products has been tested by National Association of Testing Authorities accredited labs and found highly effective in filtering out Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, and Giardia, bacteria, serratia marcescens, pseudomonas aeruginosa, and pseudomonas diminuta, eschericha coli, staphylococcus and total coliforms.

      AquaSafeCorp products are perfect for backpacking and overseas travel, camping and hiking trips, train, bus or airline travel, are also great to use around the home or for trips to the park and day-trips into the country, and are a more convenient and economical option than a reverse osmosis filtration system.

      .

    • Curator says:

      There are many, many parasites that live in water that can cause diarrhea.

      Giardia, Entamoeba spp. , Cryptosporidium Spp., Cyclospora spp., Isospora spp., Microsporidia spp.

    • Curator says:

      A

      Acanthamoeba Infection

      Acanthamoeba Keratitis Infection

      African Sleeping Sickness (African trypanosomiasis)

      Alveolar Echinococcosis (Echinococcosis, Hydatid Disease)

      Amebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica Infection)

      American Trypanosomiasis (Chagas Disease)

      Ancylostomiasis (Hookworm, Cutaneous Larva Migrans [CLM])

      Angiostrongyliasis (Angiostrongylus Infection)

      Anisakiasis (Anisakis Infection, Pseudoterranova Infection)

      Ascariasis (Ascaris Infection, Intestinal Roundworms)

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      B

      Babesiosis (Babesia Infection)

      Balantidiasis (Balantidium Infection)

      Baylisascariasis (Baylisascaris Infection, Racoon Roundworm)

      Bilharzia (Schistosomiasis)

      Blastocystis hominis Infection

      Body Lice Infestation (Pediculosis)

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      C

      Capillariasis (Capillaria Infection)

      Cercarial Dermatitis (Swimmer’s Itch)

      Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis)

      Chilomastix mesnili Infection (Nonpathogenic [Harmless] Intestinal Protozoa)

      Clonorchiasis (Clonorchis Infection)

      CLM (Cutaneous Larva Migrans, Ancylostomiasis, Hookworm)

      “Crabs” (Pubic Lice)

      Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium Infection)

      Cutaneous Larva Migrans (CLM, Ancylostomiasis, Hookworm)

      Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora Infection)

      Cysticercosis (Neurocysticercosis)

      Cystoisopora Infection (Cystoisosporiasis) formerly Isospora Infection

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      D

      Diarrhea

      Dientamoeba fragilis Infection

      Diphyllobothriasis (Diphyllobothrium Infection)

      Dipylidium caninum Infection (dog or cat tapeworm infection)

      Dracunculiasis (Guinea Worm Disease)

      Dog tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum Infection)

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      E

      Echinococcosis (Alveolar Echinococcosis, Hydatid Disease)

      Elephantiasis (Filariasis, Lymphatic Filariasis)

      Endolimax nana Infection (Nonpathogenic [Harmless] Intestinal Protozoa)

      Entamoeba coli Infection (Nonpathogenic [Harmless] Intestinal Protozoa)

      Entamoeba dispar Infection (Nonpathogenic [Harmless] Intestinal Protozoa)

      Entamoeba hartmanni Infection (Nonpathogenic [Harmless] Intestinal Protozoa)

      Entamoeba histolytica Infection (Amebiasis)

      Entamoeba polecki

      Enterobiasis (Pinworm Infection)

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      F

      Fascioliasis (Fasciola Infection)

      Fasciolopsiasis (Fasciolopsis Infection)

      Filariasis (Lymphatic Filariasis, Elephantiasis)

      Foodborne Diseases

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      G

      Giardiasis (Giardia Infection)

      Gnathostomiasis (Gnathostoma Infection)

      Guinea Worm Disease (Dracunculiasis)

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      H

      Head Lice Infestation (Pediculosis)

      Heterophyiasis (Heterophyes Infection)

      Hydatid Disease (Alveolar Echinococcosis)

      Hymenolepiasis (Hymenolepis Infection)

      Hookworm Infection (Ancylostomiasis, Cutaneous Larva Migrans [CLM])

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      I

      Intestinal Roundworms (Ascariasis, Ascaris Infection)

      Iodamoeba buetschlii Infection (Nonpathogenic [Harmless] Intestinal Protozoa)

      Isospora Infection (see Cystoisospora Infection)

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      J

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      K

      Kala-azar (Leishmaniasis, Leishmania Infection)

      Keratitis (Acanthamoeba Infection)

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      L

      Leishmaniasis (Kala-azar, Leishmania Infection)

      Lice Infestation (Body, Head, or Pubic Lice, Pediculosis, Pthiriasis)

      Loaiasis (Loa loa Infection)

      Lymphatic filariasis (Filariasis, Elephantiasis)

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      M

      Malaria (Plasmodium Infection)

      Microsporidiosis (Microsporidia Infection )

      Mite Infestation (Scabies)

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      N

      Naegleria Infection

      Neurocysticercosis (Cysticercosis)

      Nonpathogenic (Harmless) Intestinal Protozoa

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      O

      Ocular Larva Migrans (Toxocariasis, Toxocara Infection, Visceral Larva Migrans)

      Onchocerciasis (River Blindness)

      Opisthorchiasis (Opisthorchis Infection)

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      P

      Paragonimiasis (Paragonimus Infection)

      Pediculosis (Head or Body Lice Infestation)

      Pthiriasis (Pubic Lice Infestation)

      Pinworm Infection (Enterobiasis)

      Plasmodium Infection (Malaria)

      Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia

      Pseudoterranova Infection (Anisakiasis, Anisakis Infection)

      Pubic Lice Infestation (“Crabs,” Pthiriasis)

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      Q

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      R

      Raccoon Roundworm Infection (Baylisascariasis, Baylisascaris Infection)

      Recreational Water

      River Blindness (Onchocerciasis)

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      S

      Scabies

      Schistosomiasis (Bilharzia)

      Sleeping Sickness (Trypanosomiasis, African; African Sleeping Sickness)

      Strongyloidiasis (Strongyloides Infection)

      Swimmer’s Itch (Cercarial Dermatitis)

      Swimming Pools

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      T

      Taeniasis (Taenia Infection, Tapeworm Infection)

      Tapeworm Infection (Taeniasis, Taenia Infection)

      Toxocariasis (Toxocara Infection, Ocular Larva Migrans, Visceral Larva Migrans)

      Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma Infection)

      Travelers’ Diarrhea

      Trichinellosis (Trichinosis)

      Trichinosis (Trichinellosis)

      Trichomoniasis (Trichomonas Infection)

      Trichuriasis (Whipworm Infection, Trichuris Infection)

      Trypanosomiasis, African (African Sleeping Sickn

    • Curator says:

      Acid fast bacteria have unusual cell wall structures that hold onto the stains used in common diagnostic staining protocols, like the gram stain. Normally, diagnostic stains have a decolorization step (removing some of the stain with an acid treatment step)- an acid fast bacterium holds onto the dye.

      Notable genre that are acid fast include Mycobacteria (hard to treat, frequently lethal, lung diseases including Tuberculosis) and Nocardia (which also cause nasty lung diseases). Some bacterial structures are also acid fast, like the spores of Bacillus (Anthrax and others) and Clostridia (Botulism, gangrene, and others) species.

      Other clinically significant microorganisms that are acid fast include Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora (water borne, oral-fecal, diarrheal diseases).

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